ROS Control: the key to consolidate ROS in the robotics industry

ROS has been one of the greatest advances of the robotics industry in the past years. Its development began as a way to help the development of robot applications, easing the communication between sensors and algorithms, following the paradigm of “program once, test everywhere”. 

This has been the pattern of the last years, and ROS has performed extremely good in that way. 

For example, you could code an algorithm to take an image as its input, without caring about which model, resolution or connection type, as long as it was supported by ROS and adopted its API.

But this focusing on the high-level layer of application development led to an unthinkable oblivion: How was the access to actuators managed? How were the references of the actuators calculated? 

As in the case of high level applications, where the end user shouldn’t care about the source and destination of the data used and produced by him, in the case of robot control the user shouldn’t care about which type of actuators are used by a robot. But today, this is not the situation anymore thanks to ROS Control.

Why ROS Control?

ROS Control is the API that has been developed by the ROS community to allow simple access to different actuators. Using this standard API, the controller code is separated from the actuator code. For example, one could write a new controller implementing a fancy control strategy and test it on different hardware without changing a single line of code. Or one could test different control algorithm with same hardware to find the most suitable for its needs.

ROS Control has different features that make it really appealing: 

  • Real time capabilities, that allows to run control loops at hundreds of hertz.
  • A simple manager interface, that gives access to the actuators and handles resource conflicts.
  • A safety interface, that knows the hardware limitation of the joints and ensures that the commands sent to the actuators are between their limits.
  • A set off-the-shelf controllers that are ready to be used.

Have you ever thought about the mapping between joint and actuator space? ROS Control already did it. 

Normally this mapping is one-to-one, i.e. one actuator controls one joint, and their movement is related by a gearbox, so you don’t need to do messy calculations. However, in case of more complex scenarios, e.g. when a differential transmission is used, ROS Control gives us an elegant solution through its transmission interface to cope with this problem. 

This solution is used by the differential (RB-1 Base and RB-2 Base) and skid-steering (Summit-XL) robots from Robotnik, robotics company. These platforms are very similar, but they have different number of wheels: two for a differential configuration and four in the case of skid-steering. Thanks to the transmissions interface in ROS Control, they share the same control algorithm with no additional software effort.

ROS Control

One more step

What about mixing different robot components into one? This is a trend nowadays, where robot components are autonomous and usable on their own but can also be assembled into a single functional system. In those cases, ROS provides high level coordination between the components, but with ROS Control this coordination is also achieved at the low level, extending the control possibilities to far and beyond.

For example, with a more coupled control between a robotic arm and the tool attached to it. Or, as is the case of RB-Kairos, smooth and coordinated movements between the robotic arm and the mobile base are easy to program, leading to high complex operations and maneuvers that include logistic operations, picking items from narrow spaces and interactions with humans in a safe and confident manner.

Finally, the separation between controllers and actuators allows an interesting option: simulation. Gazebo, the standard robot simulator used by ROS, implements simulated ROS Control actuators, and one can write and test a controller even before it has the real robot available. This feature of ROS Control is used at Robotnik to test new kinematic configurations for its most edgy robots, allowing for quick prototype delivery. 

This is the case of RB-Vulcano, a platform with 4 steerable wheels in a swerve-configuration thanks to them is able to move in an omnidirectional way. 

However, they have to be coordinated in different modes, such as parking or navigation, to effectively follow the reference of movement that is sent to the robot. Switching between modes must be a compromise between the smoothness of the movement and the precision required for each operation. Thanks to ROS Control, Robotnik was able to replicate the full platform in a simulated environment to find the best strategies for motor control.

ROS Control

ROS Control is one of the key parts for the domination of the robotic world by ROS. As a world leading company in the ROS community, Robotnik makes an extensive use of ROS Control to give its customers the best products available on the market.

If you are interested in collaborative mobile robotics, don’t forget to subscribe to our blog!


Robotnik, premium sponsor of 3rd ROS Developers Day

Robotnik is going to sponsor the 3rd ROS Developers Day (*formerly named “ROS Developers Conference“), which is a hands-on online event for robot operating system developers. The event aims to connect ROS developers around the world without geographical restrictions and to share and learn the latest ROS applications through real-time practice.

At this conference, the world’s top ROS developers will bring their latest results through a webcast. They will demonstrate their ROS projects in real-time, and the public will practice at the same time.

It's the case of our colleague Alejandro Arnal, software developer from Robotnik. He will make a speech about 'Working with mobile manipulators'. Mobile manipulators are robots composed of a mobile base and a robotic arm. By combining these two, robots are able to interact in human environments, being collaborative robots. Our colleague will teach the audience how to program a mobile manipulator and they will practice using Robotnik’s mobile manipulator RB-KAIROS.


The CEEI stands out to Robotnik as a reference company within the Service Robotics sector

Roberto Guzmán, CEO de Robotnik, collected the award

The European Center of Innovative Companies of Valencia has just recognized the trajectory of Robotnik granting us the CEEI Company Award. With it, Robotnik stands out as a reference company within the Service Robotics sector.

The award was presented during the celebration of the commemorative event of the 25th anniversary of the CEEI and was collected by our CEO, Roberto Guzmán. During this time, CEEI has made a great work in favor of the entrepreneurs and the innovative Valencian companies.

From Robotnik, we want to convey our sincere thanks to the CEEI for its support during all these years.

More information:

Valencia Plaza

CEEI Valencia


ROS CONTROL, an API to control them all

ROS has been one of the greatest advances of the robotics industry in the past years. Its development began as a way to help the development of robot applications, easing the communication between sensors and algorithms, following the paradigm of “program once, test everywhere”.

This has been the pattern of the last years, and ROS has performed extremely good in that way. For example, you could code an algorithm to take an image as its input, without caring about which model, resolution or connection type, as long as it was supported by ROS and adopted its API.

But this focusing on the high level layer of application development led to an unthinkable oblivion: How was the access to actuators managed? How were the references of the actuators calculated? As in the case of high level applications, where the end user shouldn’t care about the source and destination of the data used and produced by him, in the case of robot control the user shouldn’t care about which type of actuators are used by a robot.

But today, this is not the situation anymore. ROS Control is the API that has been developed by the ROS community to allow simple access to different actuators. Using this standard API, the controller code is separated from the actuator code. For example, one could write a new controller implementing a fancy control strategy, and test it on different hardware without changing a single line of code. Or one could test different control algorithm with same hardware to find the most suitable for its needs.

ROS Control has different features that make it really appealing: real time capabilities, that allows to run control loops at hundreds of hertz; a simple manager interface, that gives access to the actuators and handles resource conflicts; a safety interface, that knows the hardware limitation of the joints and ensures that the commands sent to the actuators are between their limits; and a set off-the-shelf controllers that are ready to be used.

Have you ever thought about the mapping between joint and actuator space? ROS Control already did it. Normally this mapping is one-to-one, i.e. one actuator controls one joint, and their movement is related by a gearbox, so you don’t need to do messy calculations. However, in case of more complex scenarios, e.g. when a differential transmission is used, ROS Control gives us an elegant solution through its transmission interface to cope with this problem.

What about mixing different robot components into one? This is a trend nowadays, where robot components are autonomous and usable on their own, but can also be assembled into a single functional system. In those cases, ROS provides high level coordination between the components, but with ROS Control this coordination is also achieved at the low level, extending the control possibilities to far and beyond, for example, with a more coupled control between a robotic arm and the tool attached to it.

Finally, the separation between controllers and actuators allows an interesting option: simulation. Gazebo, the standard robot simulator used by ROS, implements simulated ROS Control actuators, and one can write and test a controller even before it has the real robot available. This feature of ROS Control is used at Robotnik to test new kinematic configurations for its most edgy robots, allowing for quick prototype delivery.

ROS Control is one of the key parts for the domination of the robotic world by ROS. As a world leading company in the ROS community, Robotnik makes an extensive use of ROS Control to give its customers the best products available on the market.


Robotnik will participate in the Global Robot Expo 2017

The fair has established itself as a benchmark in the sector in Europe.

Robotnik attends as an exhibitor, with his partner Schunk, the second edition of the Global Robot Expo, to be held on 2, 3 and 4 February in the Glass Pavilion of the Casa de Campo de Madrid.

Global Robot Expo is consolidated as well as a highlight in the agenda of the robotic sector in Europe, and it will meet the most representative companies of the same, as well as other social agents (Administration, universities, etc.).

At our booth, visitors will be able to see in action the SUMMIT XL mobile platform, the RB-1 mobile manipulator and the LWA 4P robotic arm.

We will be happy to welcome you at our stand (81-82). We wait for you!

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iZV7gfXUM08&t=3s


ROS Components, because robotics means ROS

ROS Components is a division of Robotnik Automation Group, leading company in the European service robotics market.

The rise and potential of all the robots and devices using ROS has led us to create this new and exciting project, where we intend to offer a huge range of products in a simple and useful way for the customer. The client will be able to find all the technical information and support of any product at the same place: ROS Components.

buy-one-contribute-osrf

In recent years, ROS has become the standard in Service and Research Robotics, and it’s making great advances in the Industry sector.

Most of the robots and components in the market support ROS, though sometimes finding which are really supported, what ROS version they make use, and how to get them is a difficult task. One of our main purposes is to make it easier and simpler for the customer, linking the products with their ROS controllers, explaining how to install and configure them and showing where to find useful information about them. All the products in the site are supported by ROS, either available directly in the ROS distribution or through their source code.

From ROS-Components we strongly believe that ROS is and will be the standard in Robotics for many more years. Therefore we want to encourage roboticists to use it (whether you are not already doing so) as well as manufacturers to give support to From ROS Components we try to encourage the use of ROS as well as its maintenance and growth. Therefore we are going to donate part of the benefits of every sale to the OSRF. So, every time you buy in ROS Components, you’ll be contributing to the ROS maintenance and development. Apart from this, you also can directly contribute with the OSRF through the following link.

On the other hand, we want to encourage the ROS community to participate in the development, improvement and documentation of ROS packages (ros.wiki.org) as well as in helping with ROS related problems (answers.ros.org).

The ROS community has a new meeting point in ROS Components!

WELCOME to

ROS Components!

osrf_logo


Robotic web applications

ROS is a great tool to develop new robotic applications. Its ease of use and its large amount of tools and wide community makes ROS a great way to start learning robotics, or to develop a state of the art industrial applications. In spite of all these advantages, one of ROS main limitations is that it must work on Linux systems, mainly Ubuntu. Linux and Ubuntu are increasing the number of desktop users, but nowadays the most used Operating Systems are Windows for desktop users, and Android for mobile. This makes hard to integrate applications when the end user has never used a Linux Ubuntu system, or its infrastructure is based on Windows or Android. This problem can be solved by developing robotic applications taking advantage of the ROS web framework. ROS web framework is a collection of open-source tools and modules, built around the Robot Web Tools project, with the goal of converge ROS with modern web and network technologies. This will create a broadly accessible environment for robot development and human-interaction research used over wide area networks.

Robot Web Tools uses WebSockets to communicate with ROS middleware, and offers several tools to help develop applications using rosbridge. The main front-end tools is the roslibjs package, that is a library to build ROS nodes using Javascript, and allows usage of ROS topics, services, goals, parameters and TF. ros2djs and ros3djs are used to create 2D and 3D visualization of the ROS environment, allowing to visualize maps, costmaps, grids, URDF models, InteractiveMarkers, PointClouds and other basic geometric shapes. This can be very useful to create your own navigation packages that can be controlled from any device.  Other useful tools are keyboardteleopjs, to move a robot using a simple keyboard interface, mjpegcanvasjs to visualize image topics, and speech_commands to control a robot using speech. Robot Web Tools also includes all necessary server nodes to interface the client-based modules with ROS. This nodes are  rosbridge_server, web_video_server, and tf2_web_republisher.

All these tools can help to solve the problem of the isolation of ROS in Linux systems, and allows the deployment of ROS applications on any device that can use a web browser (Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, Safari, etc … ) In the future we can expect more development of the Robot Web Tools project, for example with the addition of new communication standards, like WebRTC, that will help with applications demanding intensive and high-bandwidth streaming.

Robotnik Summit XL

Illustration 1: SUMMIT XL Web 3D visualization

Robotnik Turtlebot2

Illustration 2: Turtlebot web visualization

Robotnik Turtlebot2

Illustration 3: Turtlebot web map navigation


Robotnik, distributor in Europe of Fetch Robotics

Robotnik Automation is the official and exclusive distributor of Fetch Robotics' products in Europe.

Fetch Robotics is a company with an ample experience in the robotics market and provides solutions for the logistics and light industry. Their platforms are based on the open source operating system, ROS. Fetch has a clear vision, create robots that can work close to people.

Fetch team has developed two new products, a mobile robot called Freight and a robotic manipulator called Fetch. These two platforms are integrated and can perform tasks together.

Fetch is a manipulator arm of 7 DOF able to carry at least 6 kg. Thanks to its sensors both platforms and arms detect obstacles and avoid collisions. Achieving a greater range of security to people and environment. The arm integrates a modular gripper and thanks to its sensors, it safely catches and holds objects.

Moreover, we have Freight, a mobile base that can work independently or together with Fetch. Freight as a loading system provides an efficient and safe delivery. In addition, sensors can detect the location and avoid collisions.

Overall, thanks to a base charger, the platforms can be recharged autonomously and be shared.